Autruche

Publié le par hakim93200



Espèce : Struthio camelus / molybdophanes
Famille : Struthionidé
Ordre : Struthioniforme
Classe : Oiseau

L'autruche est le plus grand oiseau de la planète. Elle vit dans le sud du Sahara , en Ethiopie , en Somalie , dans l'Afrique de l'Est et autour de la Zambie. Son habitat se trouve dans les régions steppiques et subdésertiques à végétation clairsemée.

Le mâle peut atteindre une taille de 2m70 contre 2m pour la femelle. On reconnait les mâles par leur plumage noir et blanc, celui des femelles étant brun terne.

L'autruche ne vole pas mais reste cependant l'oiseau terrestre le plus rapide de par ses pattes aux 2 doigts. Sa vitesse est de 56 km/h.

Elle est herbivore mais elle est capable d'avaler tout ce que son bec peut attraper.

Sa longévité est de 70 ans. Cette espèce vit en groupe de 3 à 5 individus.

La viande d'autruche est moins grasse que celle des boeufs et apporte quand même autant de protéines et de fer.

L'autruche ne cache jamais sa tête dans un trou contrairement aux idées reçues mais par contre elle s'applatit sur le sol pour échapper aux regards de ses prédateurs.

Publié dans Struthionidés

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