Ouistiti Pygmée

Publié le par hakim93200



Espèce : Cebuella pygmaea
Famille : Callitrichidé
Ordre : Primate
Classe : Mammifère

Il est aussi appelé ouistiti mignon. Il vit au nord de la Bolivie, l’est du Pérou, l’est de l’Équateur, le sud de la Colombie, le nord et l’ouest du Brésil. Son habitat est essentiellement composé de forêts y compris celles inondables.

La femelle est plus grande que le mâle. Son corps mesure entre 12et 15 cm et son poids moyen est de 130 grammes. Sa fourrure est très fine et douce.

Le ouistiti peut vivre jusqu'à 18 ans en captivité. Il vit en groupe d'une dizaine d'individus. Il communique par des postures et des expressions faciales mais également par communication orale dans laquelle 15 vocalisations ont été recensées.

Il est à la fois insectivore, fructivore et gomnivore en raclant les troncs pour en prélever les sécretions résineuses.

Il peut faire des bonds de 4 mètres. Etant arboricole, il grimpe en spirale sur les troncs d'arbres.

Contrairement aux autres ouistitis, cette espèce ne tourne pas sa tête de gauche à droite et n'enroule pas sa queue entre ses jambes pendant le repos.

Très joueur, il aime peloter ses congénères et a recours au toilettage mutuel. Il s'apprivoise assez facilement.

Il a déjà attaqué des oiseaux juste pour en absorber leur cerveau riches en protéines...

Publié dans Callitrichidés

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