Girafe

Publié le par hakim93200



Espèce : Giraffa camelopardalis
Famille : Giraffidé
Ordre : Artiodactyle
Classe : Mammifère


La girafe est un ruminant qui vit dans les savanes africaines qui s'etendent du Tchad jusqu'en Afrique du Sud.

Cet animal est le plus grand de toutes les espèces du monde. En Effet il peut atteindre une hauteur de 5m80. Son poids peut aller jusqu'à 1500 kg pour les mâles. Sa longévite est de 25 ans.

Sa tête porte 2 petites cornes recouvertes de peau.

Lorsqu'elle court la girafe , ayant une vitesse moyenne de 15 km/h , peut atteindre une vitesse de 50 km/h lorsqu'elle galoppe avec les pattes avant légèrement ecartées.

Elle se nourrit essentiellement d'acacias et de feuilles d'arbres qui se trouvent à sa hauteur. Elle ne boit et broute le sol qu'en ecartant les pattes de devant  en prenant conscience qu'elle est en position de danger.

Son seul predateur est le lion qu'elle peut esquiver facilement sauf si ce fauve se met à attaquer en bande.

Le nom girafe vient du mot arabe "zarafa" qui signifie "charmante".


Publié dans Giraffidés

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